THE HISTORIC CONNECTION BETWEEN CHESS AND BASEBALL IN THE U.S. – by SUSAN POLGAR – Lubbock Avalanche-Journal – Sunday, November 08, 2009 – lubbockonline.com

THE HISTORIC CONNECTION BETWEEN CHESS AND BASEBALL IN THE U.S. – by SUSAN POLGAR – Lubbock Avalanche-Journal – Sunday, November 08, 2009 – lubbockonline.com

The question of the week is when did chess become popular and how popular is chess today? In addition, does chess have a worldwide governing body?

In the late 1820s and early 1830s, chess gained new popularity because of the “great chess automaton” – a kind of 19th century precursor of a chess playing computer. This great automaton was designed to resemble a large “mechanical brain” capable of playing masterful games of chess. In actuality, the games were played by a human being hidden inside the machine.

The deception was so cleverly done, however, that the audiences invited to peer inside the machine before the exhibition began were none the wiser. That the automaton turned out to be a fraud did nothing to dampen the surging enthusiasm for the game. By the middle of the 19th century, chess had come into its own in America…

SUSAN POLGAR is a professional chess player, champion and founder of the Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Excellence at Texas Tech,susan.polgar.

This story is continued on LubbockOnline.com:
http://lubbockonline.com/stories/110809/col_513984896.shtml
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